Geography, B.A.


Department of Geography & City & Regional Planning

Bachelor of Arts Degree Requirements

Geography Major

The Bachelor of Arts degree with a major in geography requires the completion of 120 units, at least 36 of which shall be in geography.

1. Major requirements (36 units)

Core courses (18 units)
GEOG 2, GEOG 4, GEOG 5, GEOG 7, GEOG 30, GEOG 141

Approved geography electives (18 units)
Any geography or city and regional planning courses; however, at least 12 units must be upper-division.

2. General Education requirements (48 units)

3. Other requirements (9 units)*
American Government and Institutions (PLSI 2), Multicultural and International (MI), and Upper-division writing 

4. Sufficient elective units to meet required total units (varies)
(See Degree Requirements); may be used toward a double major or minor

5. Total (120 units)**

* Students must complete an approved upper-division writing course at this university with a grade of CR or letter grade of C or better.

** G.E. and MI courses can be double-counted with major requirements. See advisor for details This total reflects the use of GEOG 4 in G.E. Breadth D2. Consult the department chair or faculty advisor for additional details and guidance on electives.

Advising Notes

  1. No more than 3 units of GEOG 195 may be applied to the geography major.
  2. General Education courses offered by the Department of Geography may be used to satisfy the General Education requirements for geography majors.
  3. CR/NC grading is not permitted in the geography major with the exception of GEOG 192
    and 195.
  4. General Education and elective units may be applied to a second major or a minor (see double major or departmental minor). Consult the appropriate department chair, program coordinator, or faculty adviser for further information.
  5. Students must complete a minimum of 12 upper-division units in the major as part of the requirements to earn a B.A.
  6. It is strongly recommended that students interested in professional careers in geography complete a minor in a related field.
  7. Students must regularly consult with their academic adviser. Such consultation will facilitate course selection and enable the student to develop a program consistent with individual interests and needs. Please consult with an adviser for guidance on electives.
  8. The selection of electives within the major should be strongly influenced by career goals, interests in graduate study, and related matters. Whether one's interest focuses on environmental protection, planning, cartography, GIS, locational analysis, or any one of a wide array of geographic competencies, the department can provide current applicable information. Inquiries are welcomed. The department will facilitate course selection and enable the student to develop a program consistent with individual interests and needs. Please consult with an advisor for guidance on electives.
  9. Students may use GEOG 167 to satisfy the Multicultural/International requirement.


Instruction at introductory and advanced levels is conducted by a faculty whose teaching and research interests are diverse. All major facets of the discipline are represented as are a number of specializations, which include medical geography, economic studies of China, urban revitalization, political ecology of natural resource management, environmental monitoring using remote sensing, urban air quality, urban and regional planning, environmental planning, and climate change and global governance.

For faculty phone numbers and e-mail, see the campus directory.

For more on the faculty, see the faculty pages.
The faculty pages are updated by the department or program.


Bachelor of Arts in Geography

A Roadmap identifies the specific set of courses students must complete in their major in sequential order. Information on corequisites or prerequisites is listed along with other pertinent information to assist students in completing courses towards the major.

For the most up-to-date roadmap, please contact the College Advising Center or check your My Degree Plan.

Please note: Roadmaps are not a guarantee of course availability.

If you are looking for archived roadmaps, please click here.


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The subject matter of geography is diverse. Geographers examine and analyze patterns of rural and urban settlement, resource exploitation, land use, social and cultural phenomena. They are concerned with the natural features and processes of the earth's surface, the ways in which nature has conditioned the human occupance of the earth, and the ways in which people have modified natural landscapes.

In sum, geography seeks to provide a broad understanding of the world, its people, and its problems and to provide applied specializations and technical skills that can address economic, social, and environmental problems at scales that range from local to global.

What You Can Do

There is a demand for geographers in the following fields:

  • Teaching
  • Planning
  • Cartography
  • Geogaphic Information Systems (GIS)
  • Locational Analysis
  • Intelligence and Security
  • Land and Resource Management
  • Policy Research
  • Transportation
  • Industrial Development
  • Environmental Analysis

Interesting Classes You Might Take

  • Physical Geography: The Earth's Surface
  • Geographic Information Systems I: Data Display and Manipulation
  • Violent Weather/Climatic Hazards
  • Global Environmental Change
  • People and Places - A Global Perspective
  • Environmental Pollution

What You Can Learn

  • How the many cultures of the world interact with one another
  • How the physical systems of the Earth function
  • The plight of nature, the values of nature preserved and humanity's attempt to preserve nature
  • Effects of human activities on the natural world
  • How to use geo-spatial analyses to study the physical and social sciences

About the College

The College of Social Sciences studies the human experience, including the depth of the past and the breadth of the entire planet.

We place emphasis on learning practical skills to aid you in your career. Our students do internships, participate in archaeological digs, or do service-learning projects with a non-profit agency. Students can assist on research projects or organize a social change project.

Whatever a student's major, they enjoy our witty and talented faculty and our caring staff as they discover our social world.

College Contact Information

Phone: (559) 278-3013
FAX: (559) 278-7664

5340 N. Campus Drive MS/SS91
Fresno CA 93740-8019

Department Contact Information

Department of Geography
Office Location: Science Building, Room 182
Phone: 559.278.2797